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What to Do to Prevent Sexual Harassment? – Preventive Measures –

This section provides explanations on prevention of sexual harassment with questions and answers.

Q1. What should I do to avoid becoming a victimizer?
Whether or not your language or behavior is regarded as sexual harassment depends basically on the judgment made by the other person. Never repeat if you find that the other person does not welcome your language or behavior.
The other person does not necessarily express "No" clearly. Your language or behavior will constitute sexual harassment if the other person feels uncomfortable even if there is no clear expression of "No". Please note, in particular, that employees hesitate to show a clear attitude of refusal to supervisors and senior employees.
Q2. What should I do to avoid becoming a victim?
Ignoring or passing off sexual harassment does not improve the situation. It is important to say "No" clearly if you feel uncomfortable about the other person's language or behavior. You can use e-mail or a letter if you hesitate to convey how you feel in conversation. Do not exercise patience without consulting to others. Consult with people around you or a sexual harassment counselor.
Q3. Is there anything I should be careful about as a member of the office?
In order to prevent there being victims or victimizers of sexual harassment at your workplace, it is important to warn the victimizer with courage or give advice to the victim when you find sexual harassment. Do not regard an employee who raises an issue of sexual harassment as a troublemaker or insult or defame him/her. Mind that you should not deal with sexual harassment as a personal problem between concerned persons.
Q4. Is there anything I should be careful about as a supervisor?
Supervisors are responsible for ensuring good working conditions at the workplace. Pay enough attention to ensure that there are no cases of sexual harassment and make efforts not to overlook language or behavior that could harm the working environment. Mind to respond sincerely and promptly to sexual harassment counseling and have sufficient awareness to avoid becoming a sexual harassment victimizer.
Q5. What does the NPA Rule provide about sexual harassment?
The NPA established the NPA Rule 10-10 (Prevention of Sexual Harassment) to prevent sexual harassment at the workplace of national public employees. It also issued notices including relevant guidelines. The NPA Rules and notices specify responsibilities of the head of each Ministry and Agency, matters which employees should be aware to eliminate sexual harassment, and development of a complaint counseling system.
Q6. What measures does the NPA take?
The NPA holds meetings for personnel in charge of prevention of sexual harassment, seminars for sexual harassment counselors, and sexual harassment prevention symposiums. It also set up the Week for the Protection of Public Employees from Sexual Harassment. By these means, the NPA provides guidance and advice to support preventive measures taken by the Office and Ministries and to assist victims. The NPA also created leaflets for employees (leaflets for regular service employees and leaflets for supervisors) and manuals for training to prevent sexual harassment as a measure to raise awareness of employees.