National Public Employees are stipulated as “servants of all the people” in the constitution and are absolutely required to perform their duties with neutrality and fairness.
For this reason, based on the "The National Public Service Act," the NPA was established as a neutral and specialized organization responsible for ensuring fairness in personnel administration and protecting the benefits of national public employees.
The main functions of the NPA are as follows:
○Implementing recruitment examinations and training programs, and establishing standards for appointment and dismissal which ensure fairness in personnel administration.
○Making recommendations to the Diet and the Cabinet regarding remuneration and other working conditions for national public employees as compensation for the restriction of fundamental labor rights.
○Researching domestic and international systems of personnel management and enforcing personnel management measures that can meet the needs of the times as a specialized agency for personnel administration.